The TIP model


TIP model… what is this? This model had been introduced by David Jones in week 5 study desk. TIP model is actually stand for Technology Integration Planning. It’s a process model that has a fair bit in common with Backwards Design. TIP model gives us as teachers a general approach to ensure the efficiency of integrating technology about whether it meet the needs or not.

The Technology Integration Planning (TIP) model is one such model, developed by Roblyer (2006), and adapted by Finger, et al (2007).  In this model, there are 5 phases which prepares us to set and implement our technological integration into  teaching efficiently and successfully.

Below is the explanation of 5 phases:-

1) Determine relative advantage

Define the advantages of integrating technology into teaching in order to see the possible good solutions and new better ways work with this integration to give up your traditional routines.

2) Decide on objectives and assessments 

Decide the objectives and assessment methods best suit with this integration.

3) Design integration strategies

Define own teaching strategies and activities work best with this approach.

4) Prepare the instructional environment 

Prepare a healthy teaching environment that provides effective technology integration. At this point you should have efficient technical support to make a healthy atmosphere. Even if it is hard for the school to support such technical materials for you, you should consider what you have in your school before planning.

5) Revise integration strategies

Come up with a pros and cons list of the technology that  used in the lesson. Define what worked well and what could be improved.

For more details about each phases, click here to see.



Finger, G., Russell, G., Jamieson-Proctor, R., & Russell, N. (2007). Transforming Learning with ICT: Making it Happen. Pearson Education Australia.

Roblyer, M.D (2006). Integrating educational technology into teaching, 4th edn, Pearson Merrill Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ

TIP model [Image]. (2013).  Retrieved August 22, 2013 from



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